The functional role of beta subunits in oligomeric P-type ATPases

J Bioenerg Biomembr. 2001 Oct;33(5):425-38. doi: 10.1023/a:1010623724749.


Na,K-ATPase and gastric and nongastric H,K-ATPases are the only P-type ATPases of higher organisms that are oligomeric and are associated with a beta subunit, which is obligatory for expression and function of enzymes. Topogenesis studies suggest that beta subunits have a fundamental and unique role in K+-transporting P-type ATPases in that they facilitate the correct membrane integration and packing of the catalytic a subunit of these P-type ATPases, which is necessary for their resistance to cellular degradation, their acquisition of functional properties, and their routing to the cell surface. In addition to this chaperone function, beta subunits also participate in the determination of intrinsic transport properties of Na,K- and H,K-ATPases. Increasing experimental evidence suggests that beta assembly is a highly ordered, beta isoform-specific process, which is mediated by multiple interaction sites that contribute in a coordinate, multistep process to the structural and functional maturation of Na,K- and H,K-ATPases.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Triphosphatases / chemistry
  • Adenosine Triphosphatases / genetics
  • Adenosine Triphosphatases / metabolism
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • H(+)-K(+)-Exchanging ATPase / genetics
  • H(+)-K(+)-Exchanging ATPase / physiology*
  • Molecular Chaperones / physiology
  • Protein Isoforms / metabolism
  • Protein Subunits*
  • Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase / genetics
  • Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase / physiology*


  • Molecular Chaperones
  • Protein Isoforms
  • Protein Subunits
  • Adenosine Triphosphatases
  • H(+)-K(+)-Exchanging ATPase
  • Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase