Lewis rats were trained to self-stimulate the medial forebrain bundle (MFB) using a rate-frequency paradigm. They were then tested for the effects of the cannabinoid receptor agonist CP 55,940, the selective cannabinoid receptor antagonist SR 141716 and the dopamine D1 receptor antagonist SCH 23390. CP 55,940 (0, 10, 25 and 50 microg/kg i.p.) had no effect on MFB self-stimulation behaviour as assessed by the M50, the stimulation frequency at which half-maximal response rates were obtained. With SR 141716, only a very high dose (20 mg/kg i.p.) caused a significant inhibition of the rewarding efficacy of the stimulation. This was seen as an increase in the M50. All other doses of SR 141716 (0, 1, 3, 10 mg/kg i.p.) were ineffective in modulating the M50. By comparison, a relatively low dose (0.06 mg/kg i.p.) of SCH 23390 caused a large increase in M50. These results indicate a relatively modest influence, if any at all, of exogenous or endogenous cannabinoids on reward-relevant neurotransmission.