Bilateral hip surgery in severe cerebral palsy a preliminary review

J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2001 Nov;83(8):1161-7. doi: 10.1302/0301-620x.83b8.11266.


When cerebral palsy involves the entire body pelvic asymmetry indicates that both hips are 'at risk'. We carried out a six-year retrospective clinical, radiological and functional study of 30 children (60 hips) with severe cerebral palsy involving the entire body to evaluate whether bilateral simultaneous combined soft-tissue and bony surgery of the hip could affect the range of movement, achieve hip symmetry as judged by the windsweep index, improve the radiological indices of hip containment, relieve pain, and improve handling and function. The early results at a median follow-up of three years showed improvements in abduction and adduction of the hips in flexion, fixed flexion contracture, radiological containment of the hip using both Reimer's migration percentage and the centre-edge angle of Wiberg, and in relief of pain. Ease of patient handling improved and the satisfaction of the carer with the results was high. There was no difference in outcome between the dystonic and hypertonic groups.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Cerebral Palsy / complications*
  • Cerebral Palsy / physiopathology
  • Cerebral Palsy / therapy
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Hip / physiopathology
  • Hip / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Range of Motion, Articular
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome