Background: The management of patients with gastric acid hypersecretion due to gastrinoma, usually recognized as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (ZES), was radically changed 10 years ago by the use of proton pump inhibitors. Surgical treatment now concentrates on tumour excision, and in the majority of patients, gastrectomy is no longer required to prevent complications of acid hypersecretion that can be managed pharmacologically.
Aims: To verify the ability of pantoprazole to control gastric acid hypersecretion and the clinical effects of acid hypersecretion in seven patients with documented ZES.
Methods: Pantoprazole was administered at an initial dose of 80 mg daily for seven days before basal acid output (BAO) was measured at 08:00, ie, 1 h before the next dose of pantoprazole was normally ingested. A lower (40 mg) or higher (120 mg or more) dose of pantoprazole was then used to keep the BAO in the therapeutic range (between 0.1 and 10 mmol/h) and to control clinical symptoms such as acid-related pain or diarrhea.
Results: BAO and clinical symptoms were controlled with pantoprazole 40 mg daily in one patient, 80 mg daily in two patients, 120 mg daily in three patients and 160 mg daily in one patient.
Conclusions: Pantoprazole was able to control acid hypersecretion in ZES patients when administered in doses between 40 and 160 mg daily. An initial dose of 120 mg given before further titration of the drug regimen appears to be a reasonable therapeutic strategy.