Improved survival in tumor-bearing SCID mice treated with interferon-gamma-inducible protein 10 (IP-10/CXCL10)

Cancer Immunol Immunother. 2001 Dec;50(10):533-8. doi: 10.1007/s00262-001-0231-9.


Tumor growth requires angiogenesis, which in turn requires an imbalance in the presence of angiogenic and angiostatic factors. We have shown that the CXC chemokine family, consisting of members that are either angiogenic or angiostatic, is a major determinant of tumor-derived angiogenesis in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Intratumor injection of interferon-inducible protein 10 (IP-10, or CXCL10), an angiostatic CXC chemokine, led to reduced tumor growth in a SCID mouse model of NSCLC. In this study, we hypothesized that treatment with CXCL10 would, by restoring the angiostatic balance, improve long-term survival in NSCLC-bearing SCID mice. To test this hypothesis, A549 NSCLC cells were injected in the subcutis of the flank, followed by intratumor injections with CXCL10 continuously (group I), or for ten weeks (group II), or a control group (human serum albumin). Median survival was 169, 130, and 86 days respectively (P<0.0001). We extended these studies to examine the mechanism of prolonged survival in CXCL10-treated mice. CXCL10 treatment inhibited lung metastases, but was dependent upon continued treatment, and was associated with an increased rate of apoptosis in the primary tumor, with no direct effect on the proliferation of the NSCLC cells. Furthermore, the inhibition of lung metastases was due to the angiostatic effect of CXCL10 on the primary tumor, since the rate of apoptosis within lung metastases was unaffected. These data suggest that anti-angiogenic therapy of human lung cancer should be continued indefinitely to realize persistent benefit, and confirms the anti-metastatic capacity of localized angiostatic therapy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / blood supply
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / drug therapy*
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / immunology
  • Chemokine CXCL10
  • Chemokines, CXC / administration & dosage*
  • Chemokines, CXC / immunology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interferon-gamma / immunology
  • Lung Neoplasms / blood supply
  • Lung Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Lung Neoplasms / immunology
  • Mice
  • Mice, SCID
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / drug therapy*
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / immunology
  • Survival Analysis
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Chemokine CXCL10
  • Chemokines, CXC
  • Interferon-gamma