Comparative outcomes for individual cognitive-behavior therapy, supportive-expressive group psychotherapy, and sertraline for the treatment of depression in multiple sclerosis

J Consult Clin Psychol. 2001 Dec;69(6):942-9.

Abstract

This study compared the efficacy of 3 16-week treatments for depression in 63 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and major depressive disorder (MDD): individual cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), supportive-expressive group therapy (SEG). and the antidepressant sertraline. Significant reductions were seen from pre- to posttreatment in all measures of depression. Intent-to-treat and completers analyses using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI; A. T. Beck, C. H. Ward. M. Medelson. J. Mock, & J. Erbaugh, 1961) and MDD diagnosis found that CBT and sertraline were more effective than SEG at reducing depression. These results were largely supported by the BDI-18, which eliminates BDI items confounded with MS. However, the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (M. Hamilton, 1960) did not show consistent differences between treatments. Reasons for this inconsistency are discussed. These findings suggest that CBT or sertraline is more likely to be effective in treating MDD in MS compared with supportive group treatments.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy / methods*
  • Depressive Disorder, Major / drug therapy
  • Depressive Disorder, Major / etiology*
  • Depressive Disorder, Major / therapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Multiple Sclerosis / psychology*
  • Psychotherapy, Group / methods*
  • Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors / administration & dosage
  • Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors / therapeutic use*
  • Sertraline / administration & dosage
  • Sertraline / therapeutic use*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires

Substances

  • Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
  • Sertraline