An important question for researchers interested in long-term consequences of military service is the health outcome of symptomatic Persian Gulf War Veterans. From an original group of 76 Gulf War Veterans who received the diagnosis of severe fatiguing illness, we attempted to get 58 veterans to return to our center for a second evaluation. Thirteen returned. Two had recovered by the time of revisit, but the rest remained ill; however, only one was so ill as to be unable to work. The data suggest that the medical consequences of serving in the Persian Gulf are not transient. The difficulty in getting veterans to return to our center suggests potential problems in the proposed nation-wide longitudinal health outcome study of Persian Gulf War Veterans.