Linkage to chromosome 1q in Greek families with juvenile hemochromatosis

Blood Cells Mol Dis. 2001 Jul-Aug;27(4):744-9. doi: 10.1006/bcmd.2001.0444.


Hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) is a genetically heterogeneous disease. The HFE gene resides on chromosome 6 and its mutations account for the majority of HH cases in populations of northern European ancestry. Recently, two new types of hemochromatosis have been identified: Juvenile hemochromatosis (JH or HFE2), which maps to chromosome 1q21, and an adult form defined as HFE 3, which results from mutations of the TFR 2 gene, located at 7q22. We have performed a linkage study in five unrelated families of Greek origin with non-HFE hemochromatosis. Linkage at the chromosome 1q21 JH locus was detected in affected members with the use of polymorphic markers. Comparison of haplotypes between Greek and Italian JH patients revealed the presence of a common haplotype. However, the fact that many other haplotypes carrying the JH defect were observed in the two populations indicates that the respective mutations may have occurred in different genetic backgrounds. We suggest that hemochromatosis patients without HFE mutations should be evaluated for other possible types of hemochromatosis since hemochromatosis type 3 (HFE3) has a clinical appearance similar to HFE 1, and JH may have a late onset in some cases.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age of Onset
  • Child
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes, Artificial, Yeast / genetics
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1 / genetics*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1 / ultrastructure
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 6 / genetics
  • Consanguinity
  • Ethnicity / genetics
  • Female
  • Founder Effect
  • Genetic Linkage
  • Greece / epidemiology
  • HLA Antigens / genetics
  • Haplotypes / genetics
  • Hemochromatosis / epidemiology
  • Hemochromatosis / genetics*
  • Hemochromatosis Protein
  • Histocompatibility Antigens Class I / genetics
  • Humans
  • Italy / ethnology
  • Male
  • Membrane Proteins*
  • Pedigree
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction


  • HFE protein, human
  • HLA Antigens
  • Hemochromatosis Protein
  • Histocompatibility Antigens Class I
  • Membrane Proteins