Endothelin-1 synthesis reduced by red wine

Nature. 2001 Dec;414(6866):863-4. doi: 10.1038/414863a.


Statistical evidence of reduced coronary heart disease in areas of high wine consumption has led to the widespread belief that wine affords a protective effect. Although moderate drinking of any alcohol helps to reduce the incidence of coronary heart disease, there is no clear evidence that red wine confers an additional benefit. Here we show that red wines strongly inhibit the synthesis of endothelin-1, a vasoactive peptide that is crucial in the development of coronary atherosclerosis. Our findings indicate that components specific to red wine may help to prevent coronary heart disease.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cattle
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Coronary Artery Disease / etiology
  • Coronary Artery Disease / prevention & control*
  • Diet
  • Endothelin-1 / biosynthesis*
  • Endothelin-1 / genetics
  • Endothelin-1 / physiology
  • Flavonoids*
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Humans
  • Phenols / pharmacology
  • Phosphorylation
  • Polymers / pharmacology
  • Polyphenols
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism
  • Wine*


  • Endothelin-1
  • Flavonoids
  • Phenols
  • Polymers
  • Polyphenols
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases