Development and initial validation of the Self-harm Behavior Questionnaire

J Pers Assess. 2001 Dec;77(3):475-90. doi: 10.1207/S15327752JPA7703_08.


Evaluation of suicide-related behaviors and thoughts about suicide with a newly developed self-report instrument is described. The Self-Harm Behavior Questionnaire (SHBQ; Gutierrez, 1998) generates detailed clinical information from an easy to administer and score self-report form. A sample of 342 participants were drawn from university undergraduate students enrolled in various psychology courses. Participants were then divided into a severe suicidal ideation group (n = 20) and a nonsuicidal control group (n = 20) to conduct subgroup and criterion-related validity analyses. Preliminary analyses indicate this new questionnaire is both valid and reliable when used with young adults drawn from a nonclinical population. The questionnaire should be of use to both clinicians and researchers due to the flexibility of the data generated.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales / statistics & numerical data
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Self-Assessment
  • Self-Injurious Behavior / psychology*
  • Sex Distribution
  • Suicide / statistics & numerical data
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*