[Clinical study on treatment of rectal carcinoma with Chinese herbal medicine and high dose fluorouracil emulsion via rectal infusion]

Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 1999 Jul;19(7):389-91.
[Article in Chinese]


Objective: To study the clinical significance of rectal infusion of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) plus high dose fluorouracil emulsion in treating rectal carcinoma.

Methods: The 86 patients of rectal carcinoma were randomly divided into CHM plus chemotherapy group and single chemotherapy group, and the changes of T-lymphocyte cell subset, natural killer (NK) activity, pathologic picture and clinical symptoms were analysed statistically before and after treatment.

Results: In the single chemotherapy group, the CD3 cell and NK activity decreased after treatment and most of the peri-carcinoma cellular infiltration were in grade I. In the CHM plus chemotherapy group, the CD3, CD4/CD8 and NK activity restored and CD8 lymphocyte decreased markedly after treatment in comparing with those before treatment (P < 0.05, P < 0.01), and most of the peri-carcinoma cellular infiltration concentrated in grade III.

Conclusion: Chemotherapy alone could suppress cellular immune function significantly, significant immunoregulation and improvement of symptoms (as mucous-bloody stool, frequent defecation) could be obtained by combination therapy of CHM and chemotherapy.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • English Abstract
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / drug therapy*
  • Adenocarcinoma / immunology
  • Administration, Rectal
  • Adult
  • Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / administration & dosage*
  • CD4-CD8 Ratio
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal / therapeutic use*
  • Female
  • Fluorouracil / administration & dosage*
  • Humans
  • Killer Cells, Natural / immunology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Phytotherapy*
  • Rectal Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Rectal Neoplasms / immunology


  • Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal
  • Fluorouracil