Does supervision by a lifeguard make a difference in rule violations? Effects of lifeguards' scanning

Psychol Rep. 2001 Oct;89(2):327-30. doi: 10.2466/pr0.2001.89.2.327.


Systematic observations were made of five lifeguards at indoor public swimming pools. Scanning by lifeguards was associated with lower incidences of rule violations by swimmers. Greater numbers of lifeguards patrolling the pool areas tended to reduce violations. Rules violations tended to be fewer when adult-to-child ratios were low, suggesting that monitoring by a parent or an adult may encourage rule compliance.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cooperative Behavior*
  • Drowning / prevention & control*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Risk-Taking
  • Safety*
  • Swimming Pools*