Islet cell tumors associated with exocrine elements are rare. An insulinoma was removed from the head of the pancreas of a 33-year-old woman. Ultrastructural and immunohistochemical studies demonstrated that, in addition to the endocrine cells, the tumor had a small population of cells with an acinar cell morphology. Rare cells exhibiting both endocrine and exocrine features (amphicrine cells) were also identified. Another unusual finding in this case was the presence of a large number of intracytoplasmic filamentous inclusions that, even though they have been observed in other neoplasms, have not previously been reported in endocrine tumors of the pancreas. The demonstration of cells with mixed endocrine features supports the concept that both the endocrine and exocrine portions of the components of the pancreas have a common embryologic origin.