Fornix transection impairs conditional visuomotor learning in tasks involving nonspatially differentiated responses

J Neurophysiol. 2002 Jan;87(1):631-3. doi: 10.1152/jn.00656.2001.


Rhesus monkeys learned a series of conditional visuomotor associations involving two-dimensional "objects" that instructed one of three responses: tapping a touch screen, steady contact with the screen for a brief period, or steady contact for a longer period. Relative to controls, fornix-transected monkeys were impaired in the acquisition of new associations and in the retention of preoperatively learned ones. These findings challenge the view that the hippocampal system participates in associative learning only when spatial information is relevant to either the stimulus or the response.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Association Learning / physiology*
  • Behavior, Animal / physiology
  • Choice Behavior / physiology
  • Fornix, Brain / physiology*
  • Fornix, Brain / surgery
  • Macaca mulatta
  • Male
  • Neurosurgical Procedures
  • Psychomotor Performance / physiology*
  • Retention, Psychology / physiology*