[Adhesion of human granulocytes and T lymphocytes to vascular endothelial cells after stimulation with Bacteroides fragilis endotoxin and enterotoxin]

Med Dosw Mikrobiol. 2001;53(3):259-67.
[Article in Polish]


The aim of presented study was to estimates the number of human granulocytes and T lymphocytes adhering to 1 mm2 of vascular endothelial cell culture stimulated by Bacteroides fragilis endotoxins (LPS) and enterotoxin (BFT). HMEC-1 cells were activated with bacterial preparations at the concentration of 10 (micrograms/ml for 4 and 24 hours. Granulocytes and T lymphocytes were isolated from peripheral blood of healthy blood donors. The adhesion tests of granulocytes and adhesion tests of resting and activated with PMA (at the concentration of 10 ng/ml) T lymphocytes to the non-stimulated and stimulated by B. fragilis compounds (LPS and BFT) vascular endothelium were performed. The number of viable leukocytes, which adhered to the endothelium, was determined using inverted microscope (magnification 200x). The results were presented as the number of viable cells adhering to 1 mm2 of the endothelial cell culture. The results of experiments indicate that granulocytes and T lymphocytes (resting and after activation with PMA even in greater number) adhere to the endothelial cells stimulated by B. fragilis endotoxins and enterotoxin. B. fragilis toxins are weaker stimulants of human leukocyte adhesion to the HMEC-1 cells than E. coli O55:B5 LPS. B. fragilis LPS and BFT preparations stimulate endothelial cells to the adhesion of granulocytes in similar manner, whereas the activation of vascular endothelium to the adhesion of T lymphocytes is differentiated.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bacteroides fragilis*
  • Cell Adhesion / physiology
  • Endothelium, Vascular / metabolism*
  • Endotoxins / pharmacology*
  • Enterotoxins / pharmacology*
  • Granulocytes / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Lymphocyte Activation
  • Neutrophil Activation
  • T-Lymphocytes / metabolism*


  • Endotoxins
  • Enterotoxins