Purpose: Lipid-water partitioning of 187 pharmaceuticals has been assessed with solid-supported lipid membranes (TRANSIL) in microwell plates and with multilamellar liposomes for a data comparison. The high-throughput potential of the new approach was evaluated.
Methods: Drugs were incubated at pH 7.4 with egg yolk lecithin membranes either on a solid support (TRANSIL beads) or in the form of multilamellar liposomes. Phase separation of lipid and water phase was achieved by ultracentrifugation in case of liposomes or by a short filtration step in case of solid-supported lipid membranes.
Results: Lipid-water partitioning data of both approaches correlate well without systematic deviations in the investigated lipophilicity range. The solid-supported lipid membrane approach provides high-precision data in an automated microwell-plate setup. The lipid composition of the solid-supported lipid membranes was varied to study the influence of membrane change on lipid-water partitioning. In addition, pH-dependent measurements have been performed with minimal experimental effort.
Conclusions: Solid-supported lipid membranes represent a valuable tool to determine physiologically relevant lipid-water partitioning data of pharmaceuticals in an automated setup and is well suited for high-throughput data generation in lead optimization programs.