Muscle disorders and rehabilitation in canine athletes

Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2002 Jan;32(1):267-85. doi: 10.1016/s0195-5616(03)00088-3.


Muscle disorders associated with physical exertion in human athletes include delayed-onset muscle soreness, muscle strain, muscle tears, rhabdomyolysis, and acute and chronic compartment syndromes. Given that the structure of muscle is similar among different species, it is reasonable to expect that dogs experience the same phenomena. This article focuses on several of the muscle disorders of bird dogs, namely, coccygeal muscle injury and infraspinatus muscle contracture, and on those of dogs involved in tracking-obedience-protection training, namely, fibrotic myopathy, with an additional discussion of muscle strain. For injury prevention, one important area that can be adapted to canine athletes is the incorporation of warm-up and cool-down into the training program.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Dog Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Dog Diseases / therapy*
  • Dogs / injuries*
  • Female
  • Male
  • Muscle, Skeletal / injuries*
  • Muscular Diseases / diagnosis
  • Muscular Diseases / rehabilitation
  • Muscular Diseases / veterinary*
  • Physical Conditioning, Animal
  • Physical Examination / veterinary*
  • Physical Therapy Modalities / veterinary