Human herpesvirus-8-transformed endothelial cells have functionally activated vascular endothelial growth factor/vascular endothelial growth factor receptor

Am J Pathol. 2002 Jan;160(1):23-9. doi: 10.1016/S0002-9440(10)64344-1.

Abstract

Kaposi's sarcoma is a vascular tumor commonly associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 and human herpesvirus (HHV-8) also known as Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus. The principal features of this tumor are abnormal proliferation of vascular structures lined with spindle-shaped endothelial cells. HHV-8 may transform a subpopulation of endothelial cells in vitro via viral and cellular gene expression. We hypothesized that among the cellular genes, vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs) and their cognate receptors may be involved in viral-mediated transformation. We have shown that HHV-8-transformed endothelial cells (EC-HHV-8) express higher levels of VEGF, VEGF-C, VEGF-D, and PlGF in addition to VEGF receptors-1, -2, and -3. Furthermore, antibodies to VEGF receptor-2 inhibited cell proliferation and viability. Similarly, inhibition of VEGF gene expression with antisense oligonucleotides inhibited EC-HHV-8 cell proliferation/viability. The growth and viability of primary endothelial cells and a fibroblast cell line however were unaffected by either the VEGF receptor-2 antibody or the VEGF antisense oligodeoxynucleotides. VEGF and VEGF receptors are thus induced in EC-HHV-8 and participate in the transformation. Inhibitors of VEGF may thus modulate the disease process during development and progression.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Autocrine Communication / physiology
  • Cell Transformation, Viral*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Endothelial Growth Factors / metabolism
  • Endothelial Growth Factors / physiology*
  • Endothelium, Vascular / cytology
  • Endothelium, Vascular / metabolism*
  • Endothelium, Vascular / virology*
  • Herpesvirus 8, Human / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Lymphokines / physiology*
  • Placenta Growth Factor
  • Pregnancy Proteins / metabolism
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / physiology*
  • Receptors, Growth Factor / physiology*
  • Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor D
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors

Substances

  • Endothelial Growth Factors
  • Lymphokines
  • PGF protein, human
  • Pregnancy Proteins
  • Receptors, Growth Factor
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor D
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors
  • Placenta Growth Factor
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor