Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the performance of a sutureless adhesive-backed device, StatLock, for securement of peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs). Earlier studies have demonstrated that StatLock significantly reduces catheter-related complications when compared to tape. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a sutureless securement device offers an advantage over suture in preventing catheter-related complications.
Materials and methods: 170 patients requiring PICCs, which were randomized to suture (n = 85) or StatLock (n = 85) securement were prospectively studied. Patients were followed throughout their entire catheter course, and PICC-related complications including dislodgment, infection, occlusion, leakage, and central venous thrombosis were documented. Catheter outcome data were compared to determine if statistically significant differences existed between the suture and StatLock groups.
Results: The groups had equivalent demographic characteristics and catheter indications. Average securement time with StatLock was significantly shorter (4.7 minutes vs 2.7 minutes;P <.001). Although StatLock was associated with fewer total complications (42 vs 61), this difference did not achieve significance. However, there were significantly fewer PICC-related bloodstream infections in the StatLock group (2 vs 10; P =.032). One securement-related needle-stick injury was documented during suturing of a PICC.
Conclusion: The sutureless anchor pad was beneficial for both patients and health care providers. Further investigation to determine how StatLock helps reduce catheter-related blood stream infections is necessary.