DNA cloned from the D. melanogaster (Oregon R) heat shock loci at 63BC and 95D codes for the 83,000 and the 68,000 dalton heat shock proteins, respectively. Both coding sequences occur once per haploid genome. Sequences complementary to messenger RNA for the 70,000 dalton heat shock protein are represented five times, twice at 87A and three times at 87 C. The copies at 87A differ characteristically from those at 87C in an interval of a few hundred bp near the 5' end of the messenger sequence, and the corresponding two classes of hsp 70 messenger RNA are found on polysomes after heat shock. Within this differential region, there is about 15% divergence between messenger sequences cloned from the two loci, while in the rest of the messenger region examined the homology is much closer although still imperfect. Unexpectedly, considerable homology is found between the sequence for the 68,000 dalton heat shock protein at 95D and the sequences for the 70,000 dalton protein at 87A and 87C, and between these sequences and a site in 87D. Messenger RNA molecules of 2.4, 2.55 and 3.05 kb code for the 68,000, 70,000 and 83,000 dalton heat shock proteins and hybridize to apparently uninterrupted DNA sequences of 2.1, 2.25 and 2.6 kb, respectively.