Distribution of disaccharidases, alkaline phosphatase, and some intracellular enzymes along the human small intestine

Scand J Gastroenterol. 1975;10(6):647-51.

Abstract

The longitudinal distribution of various enzymes along the human small intestine was studied by analysis of biopsies from different parts of the small intestine, obtained from 13 patients during shunt-operation for severe obesity. Alkaline phosphatase and 3 glycolytic enzyme activities studied were rather uniformly distributed along the small intestine. Acid beta-galactosidase and hetero beta-galactosidase activities were highest in the proximal small intestine with a gradual decline throughout the intestine. The activity in the distal ileum was about half of the maximum activity. Maltase, isomaltase, sucrase, and trehalase activity had a broad maximum in the proximal and middle small intestine with a rather sharp decrease in the distal ileum. Lactase activity had a more pronounced maximum in the middle intestine with a pronounced decrease towards the proximal and distal ends. The disaccharidase activities in surgical biopsies taken 5 cm distal to the ligament of Treitz were about 10% higher than in peroral biopsies taken just at the ligament.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Alkaline Phosphatase / metabolism*
  • Biopsy
  • Disaccharidases / metabolism*
  • Female
  • Galactosidases / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Ileum / enzymology
  • Intestinal Mucosa / enzymology
  • Intestine, Small / enzymology*
  • Intestine, Small / pathology
  • Jejunum / enzymology
  • Lactose / metabolism
  • Male
  • Maltose / metabolism
  • Middle Aged
  • Sucrase / metabolism
  • Trehalase / metabolism

Substances

  • Maltose
  • Alkaline Phosphatase
  • Disaccharidases
  • Galactosidases
  • Trehalase
  • Sucrase
  • Lactose