Ginger: an ethnomedical, chemical and pharmacological review

Drug Metabol Drug Interact. 2001;18(3-4):159-90. doi: 10.1515/dmdi.2001.18.3-4.159.


Powerful medicinal properties have been recorded for Zingiber officinale, commonly known as ginger. All of these medicinal activities have been compiled with 99 references to the present status of the plant in the literature. Volatile components and the presence of trace metals are included. In addition, details of individual medicinal activities are given and the molecular structures of identified organic metabolites and their synthesis are described.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anticholesteremic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Antioxidants / therapeutic use
  • Antirheumatic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects
  • Chromatography, Gas / methods
  • Ginger / chemistry*
  • Humans
  • Phytotherapy / methods*
  • Plant Extracts / therapeutic use
  • Platelet Aggregation / drug effects
  • Stomach Ulcer / prevention & control
  • Trace Elements / analysis


  • Anticholesteremic Agents
  • Antioxidants
  • Antirheumatic Agents
  • Plant Extracts
  • Trace Elements