Progression of dreams of crack cocaine abusers as a predictor of treatment outcome: a preliminary report

J Nerv Ment Dis. 2001 Dec;189(12):854-7. doi: 10.1097/00005053-200112000-00007.


This study tested the hypotheses that a) the dream content of crack cocaine abusers in Trinidad and Tobago changes during abstinence, and b) the change in dream content can be used to predict treatment outcome. The sample comprised 46 consecutive patients who completed a 3-month residential treatment program and were followed up after 6 months. Dreams and associated emotions were recorded during the first month of inpatient treatment and at 6 months follow-up. Forty-one (89.1%) patients reported drug dreams during the first month, mainly of using the drug. Twenty-eight (60.9%) had drug dreams at 6 months follow-up, mainly of using or refusing the drug. There was an abstinence rate of 56.5% at 6 months. A better treatment outcome was associated with having drug dreams at 6 months follow-up (p < .05) and dreams of refusing the drug (p < .05). Findings support the need to further explore the progression of dreams during treatment as a predictive tool.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cocaine-Related Disorders / psychology
  • Cocaine-Related Disorders / rehabilitation*
  • Crack Cocaine*
  • Dreams*
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motivation
  • Patient Admission
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Trinidad and Tobago


  • Crack Cocaine