We cloned the cDNA for mouse microsomal prostaglandin (PG) E synthase-1 (mPGES-1) and expressed the recombinant enzyme in Escherichia coli. The membrane fraction containing recombinant mPGES-1 catalyzed the isomerization of PGH2 to PGE2 in the presence of GSH with K(m) values of 130 microM for PGH2 and 37 microM for GSH, a turnover number of 600 min(-1), and a k(cat)/K(m) ratio of 4.6 min(-1) microM(-1). Recombinant mPGES-1 was purified and used to generate a polyclonal antibody highly specific for mPGES-1. The antibody showed a single band on Western blotting of microsomal fractions from lipopolysaccharide-treated mouse peritoneal macrophages. Northern and Western blotting analyses revealed that mPGES-1 was induced together with cyclooxygenase-2 in mouse macrophages after treatment of the cells with lipopolysaccharide. Confocal immunofluorescence microscopy revealed that both mPGES-1 and cyclooxygenase-2 were colocalized in the lipopolysaccharide-treated macrophages. Taken together, these results demonstrate that mPGES-1 is an efficient downstream enzyme for the production of PGE2 in the activated macrophages treated by lipopolysaccharide.
(c)2001 Elsevier Science.