Saccharomyces cerevisiae MPT5 and SSD1 function in parallel pathways to promote cell wall integrity

Genetics. 2002 Jan;160(1):83-95.

Abstract

Yeast MPT5 (UTH4) is a limiting component for longevity. We show here that MPT5 also functions to promote cell wall integrity. Loss of Mpt5p results in phenotypes associated with a weakened cell wall, including sorbitol-remedial temperature sensitivity and sensitivities to calcofluor white and sodium dodecyl sulfate. Additionally, we find that mutation of MPT5, in the absence of SSD1-V, is lethal in combination with loss of either Ccr4p or Swi4p. These synthetic lethal interactions are suppressed by the SSD1-V allele. Furthermore, we have provided evidence that the short life span caused by loss of Mpt5p is due to a weakened cell wall. This cell wall defect may be the result of abnormal chitin biosynthesis or accumulation. These analyses have defined three genetic pathways that function in parallel to promote cell integrity: an Mpt5p-containing pathway, an Ssd1p-containing pathway, and a Pkc1p-dependent pathway. This work also provides evidence that post-transcriptional regulation is likely to be important both for maintaining cell integrity and for promoting longevity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Cell Cycle Proteins*
  • Cell Division / physiology
  • Cell Wall / physiology*
  • Glucosamine / metabolism
  • Mutation
  • Phenotype
  • RNA-Binding Proteins
  • Repressor Proteins*
  • Ribonucleases / physiology*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / physiology*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / physiology*
  • Spores, Fungal / growth & development
  • Spores, Fungal / physiology

Substances

  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • MPT5 protein, S cerevisiae
  • RNA-Binding Proteins
  • Repressor Proteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • CCR4 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Ribonucleases
  • Glucosamine