Cerebral palsy in southern Sweden II. Gross motor function and disabilities

Acta Paediatr. 2001 Nov;90(11):1277-82. doi: 10.1080/080352501317130326.


The gross motor function and disabilities in children with cerebral palsy in southern Sweden were investigated and related to clinical features. The study covered the birth year period 1990-1993 and comprised 167 children, 145 of them born in Sweden and 22 born abroad. The clinical features and gross motor function were analysed at a mean age of 6.8 y. Clinical features were obtained from a continuing healthcare follow-up programme. Gross motor function was classified according to the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS). Walking independently was possible for 86% of the hemiplegic, 63% of the pure ataxic, 61% of the diplegic and 21% of the dyskinetic children. None of the tetraplegic children was able to walk. The classification of gross motor function revealed that 59% of the children were categorized into levels I and II (mildly disabled), 14% into level III (moderately disabled) and 27% into levels IV and V (severely disabled). Children born abroad were more severely disabled.

Conclusion: The standardized age-related classification system GMFCS enabled a specific description of gross motor function in relation to clinical features. Significant differences between GMFCS levels and subgroups of diagnosis, aetiology. intellectual capacity, epilepsy and visual impairment were found.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Cerebral Palsy / epidemiology*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Dyskinesias / epidemiology*
  • Dyskinesias / etiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Motor Skills*
  • Muscle Spasticity / epidemiology
  • Muscle Spasticity / etiology
  • Paralysis / epidemiology*
  • Paralysis / etiology
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Risk Factors
  • Statistics, Nonparametric
  • Sweden / epidemiology