We used random-dot kinematograms to compare the effects of early monocular versus early binocular deprivation on the development of the perception of the direction of global motion. Patients had been visually deprived by a cataract in one or both eyes from birth or later after a history of normal visual experience. The discrimination of direction of global motion was significantly impaired after early visual deprivation. Surprisingly, impairments were significantly worse after early binocular deprivation than after early monocular deprivation, and the sensitive period was very short. The unexpectedly good results after monocular deprivation suggest that the higher centers involved in the integration of global motion profit from input to the nondeprived eye. These findings suggest that beyond the primary visual cortex, competitive interactions between the eyes can give way to collaborative interactions that enable a relative sparing of some visual functions after monocular deprivation.