Objective: CD14 is a receptor for endotoxin and binds components of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. CD14-bearing monocytes respond to stimulation with the increased synthesis and release of cytokines. The recently described -260 C-->T promoter polymorphism of the CD14 gene has been found to be related to a risk of myocardial infarction. This study evaluated the role of this polymorphism in the expression of monocyte and soluble CD14. Moreover, the effect of the CD14 -260 genotypes for the ex vivo TNF-alpha response to endotoxin was analyzed in whole blood.
Patients and participants: Ninety-five healthy blood donors were studied.
Measurements and results: CD14 -260 genotyping was performed by means of a real-time PCR with fluorescence labeled hybridization probes. CD14 expression on human monocytes (mCD14) was assessed by fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis with anti-CD14 monoclonal antibodies. Plasma levels of soluble CD14 (sCD14) were measured by ELISA. The TNF-alpha synthesis was determined by chemiluminescence in whole blood after endotoxin stimulation. There were no differences in mCD14 density, sCD14 levels, or the tumor necrosis factor-alpha concentrations between individuals with the three different CD14 -260 genotypes CC, CT, and TT.
Conclusions: The CD14 -260 polymorphism does not affect the CD14 expression of unstimulated circulating monocytes or soluble CD14 plasma levels.