Chromosome landing at the tomato Bs4 locus

Mol Genet Genomics. 2001 Dec;266(4):639-45. doi: 10.1007/s004380100583. Epub 2001 Oct 10.

Abstract

The tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) Bs4 gene confers resistance to strains of Xanthomonas campestris pathovar vesicatoria that express the avirulence protein AvrBs4. As part of a map-based cloning strategy for the isolation of Bs4, we converted Bs4-linked amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) markers into locus-specific sequence-tagged-site (STS) markers. The use of these markers for the analysis of 1972 meiotic events allowed high-resolution genetic mapping within a 1.2-cM interval containing the target gene. Two tomato yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) clones, each harboring inserts of approximately 250 kb, were identified using the marker most closely linked to Bs4. YAC end-specific markers were established and employed to construct a local YAC contig. The ratio of physical to genetic distance at Bs4 was calculated to be 280 kb/cM, revealing that recombination rates in this region are about three times higher than the genome-wide average. Mapping of YAC end-derived markers demonstrated that the Bs4 locus maps within a region of 250 kb, corresponding to a genetic interval of 0.9 cM.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes / genetics
  • Chromosomes, Artificial, Yeast
  • Genetic Markers
  • Plant Diseases / genetics*
  • Recombination, Genetic*
  • Sequence Tagged Sites
  • Solanum lycopersicum / genetics*
  • Xanthomonas campestris / pathogenicity*

Substances

  • Genetic Markers