Active glottal closure during anoxic gasping in lambs

Respir Physiol. 2001 Nov 1;128(2):205-18. doi: 10.1016/s0034-5687(01)00272-9.


The present study was aimed at assessing laryngeal dynamics and their consequences during anoxic gasping in ketamine-sedated lambs. We first verified that the glottis was closed between gasps during anoxic gasping in seven chronically instrumented lambs, aged 11-15 days. Recording of glottal constrictor muscle electrical activity, subglottal pressure and lung volume, together with endoscopic observation, confirmed the presence of active glottal closure with maintenance of a high lung volume between gasps. Secondly, we tested whether maintenance of a high lung volume between gasps improved autoresuscitation efficiency. Six sedated lambs aged 8-11 days underwent two anoxic runs, including one with an open tracheostomy to prevent maintenance of a high lung volume. Access back to air was allowed for gasping. No significant difference was found in time to eupnea resumption, hemodynamic parameters or arterial blood gases. We conclude that a high lung volume is actively maintained by glottal closure between anoxic gasps in sedated lambs. Further studies are however needed to define the importance of laryngeal dynamics during gasping.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Blood Gas Analysis
  • Blood Pressure / physiology
  • Carbon Dioxide / blood
  • Electroencephalography / drug effects
  • Electromyography
  • Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists / pharmacology
  • Glottis / pathology
  • Glottis / physiopathology*
  • Heart Rate / physiology
  • Hypoxia / physiopathology*
  • Ketamine / pharmacology
  • Lactates / blood
  • Lung / physiopathology
  • Lung Volume Measurements
  • Oxygen / blood
  • Respiratory Mechanics / physiology*
  • Respiratory Muscles / physiopathology
  • Sheep


  • Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists
  • Lactates
  • Carbon Dioxide
  • Ketamine
  • Oxygen