The present study was aimed at assessing laryngeal dynamics and their consequences during anoxic gasping in ketamine-sedated lambs. We first verified that the glottis was closed between gasps during anoxic gasping in seven chronically instrumented lambs, aged 11-15 days. Recording of glottal constrictor muscle electrical activity, subglottal pressure and lung volume, together with endoscopic observation, confirmed the presence of active glottal closure with maintenance of a high lung volume between gasps. Secondly, we tested whether maintenance of a high lung volume between gasps improved autoresuscitation efficiency. Six sedated lambs aged 8-11 days underwent two anoxic runs, including one with an open tracheostomy to prevent maintenance of a high lung volume. Access back to air was allowed for gasping. No significant difference was found in time to eupnea resumption, hemodynamic parameters or arterial blood gases. We conclude that a high lung volume is actively maintained by glottal closure between anoxic gasps in sedated lambs. Further studies are however needed to define the importance of laryngeal dynamics during gasping.