Production of carbon monoxide by cytochrome P450 during iron-dependent lipid peroxidation

Toxicol In Vitro. 2002 Feb;16(1):1-10. doi: 10.1016/s0887-2333(01)00094-7.


Carbon monoxide (CO) formation was studied in the process of lipid peroxidation in phenobarbital-induced rabbit liver microsomes. The reaction was NADPH-dependent and required Fe(2+), which occurs in microsomes as being protein bound and is not a consequence of heme destruction. Zn-protoporphyrin IX, an inhibitor of the heme oxygenase activity, proved to have no effect on CO production, suggesting that heme oxygenase is not involved into the CO generation reaction. At the same time, the addition of cytochrome P450 typical inhibitors SKF 525A and metyrapone to the reaction mixture had an inhibitory effect on the CO formation rate. Antioxidants such as alpha-tocopherol and desferal inhibited lipid peroxidation in phenobarbital-induced rabbit liver microsomes, and in this case the CO production was not registered. Thus, on the basis of the results presented here it is possible to assert that the process of NADPH, Fe(2+)-dependent carbon monoxide formation in microsomes is a result of lipid peroxidation with cytochrome P450 2B4 participation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases*
  • Carbon Monoxide / metabolism*
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / metabolism*
  • Deferoxamine / pharmacology
  • Enzyme Induction
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Heme Oxygenase (Decyclizing) / antagonists & inhibitors
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Iron / pharmacology
  • Lipid Peroxidation / drug effects
  • Lipid Peroxidation / physiology*
  • Metyrapone / pharmacology
  • Microsomes, Liver / drug effects
  • Microsomes, Liver / enzymology*
  • Phenobarbital / pharmacology
  • Proadifen / pharmacology
  • Protoporphyrins / pharmacology
  • Rabbits
  • Steroid Hydroxylases / metabolism*
  • alpha-Tocopherol / pharmacology


  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Protoporphyrins
  • zinc protoporphyrin
  • Carbon Monoxide
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
  • Proadifen
  • Iron
  • Steroid Hydroxylases
  • Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases
  • steroid 15-alpha-hydroxylase
  • Heme Oxygenase (Decyclizing)
  • alpha-Tocopherol
  • Deferoxamine
  • Phenobarbital
  • Metyrapone