Protein phosphatase 2A is the main phosphatase involved in the regulation of protein kinase B in rat adipocytes

Cell Signal. 2002 Mar;14(3):231-8. doi: 10.1016/s0898-6568(01)00238-8.

Abstract

In adipocytes, protein kinase B (PKB) has been suggested to be the enzyme that phosphorylates phosphodiesterase 3B (PDE3B), a key enzyme in insulin's antilipolytic signalling pathway. In order to screen for PKB phosphatases, adipocyte homogenates were fractionated using ion-exchange chromatography and analysed for PKB phosphatase activities. PKB phosphatase activity eluted as one main peak, which coeluted with serine/threonine phosphatases (PP)2A. In addition, adipocytes were incubated with inhibitors of PP. Incubation of adipocytes with 1 microM okadaic acid inhibited PP2A by 75% and PP1 activity by only 17%, while 1 microM tautomycin inhibited PP1 activity by 54% and PP2A by only 7%. Okadaic acid, but not tautomycin, induced the activation of both PKBalpha and PKBbeta. Finally, PP2A subunits were found in several subcellular compartments, including plasma membranes (PM) where the phosphorylation of PKB is thought to occur. In summary, our results suggest that PP2A is the principal phosphatase that dephosphorylates PKB in adipocytes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adipocytes / cytology
  • Adipocytes / drug effects
  • Adipocytes / enzymology
  • Animals
  • Antifungal Agents / pharmacology
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Okadaic Acid / pharmacology
  • Phosphoprotein Phosphatases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Phosphoprotein Phosphatases / metabolism*
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Phosphatase 2
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • Pyrans*
  • Rats
  • Spiro Compounds*
  • Subcellular Fractions

Substances

  • Antifungal Agents
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Pyrans
  • Spiro Compounds
  • tautomycin
  • Okadaic Acid
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • Phosphoprotein Phosphatases
  • Ppp2r1b protein, rat
  • Protein Phosphatase 2