The small heat shock/alpha-crystallin protein p26 undergoes nuclear translocation in response to stress in encysted embryos of the brine shrimp Artemia franciscana. About 50% of total p26 translocates to nuclei in embryos treated with heat shock or anoxia, and in embryo homogenates incubated at low pH. Nuclear fractionation shows that the majority of nuclear p26 and a nuclear lamin are associated with the nuclear matrix fraction. To further explore the roles of p26 and other HSPs in stabilizing nuclear matrix proteins (NMPs), nuclear matrices from control, and heat-shocked embryos were disassembled in urea and evaluated by one and two-dimensional (2-D) gel electrophoresis and Western immunoblotting after reassembling. Nuclear lamins were present only in reassembled fractions and, in the case of heat shock, p26 and HSP70 were also present. HSP90 was not detected in any nuclear fraction. Confocal microscopy on isolated nuclei and nuclear matrix preparations from control and heat-shocked embryos showed that the majority of p26 and a nuclear lamin share similar nuclear distributions. The combination of microscopy and fractionation results suggests that p26 and HSP70 play a role in the protection of nuclear lamins within the nuclear matrix.
Copyright 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.