The definition and classification of glaucoma in prevalence surveys

Br J Ophthalmol. 2002 Feb;86(2):238-42. doi: 10.1136/bjo.86.2.238.


This review describes a scheme for diagnosis of glaucoma in population based prevalence surveys. Cases are diagnosed on the grounds of both structural and functional evidence of glaucomatous optic neuropathy. The scheme also makes provision for diagnosing glaucoma in eyes with severe visual loss where formal field testing is impractical, and for blind eyes in which the optic disc cannot be seen because of media opacities.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Glaucoma / classification
  • Glaucoma / diagnosis*
  • Glaucoma / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Optic Nerve Diseases / diagnosis
  • Prevalence