A 3.(ET743)-DNA complex that both resembles an RNA-DNA hybrid and mimicks zinc finger-induced DNA structural distortions

J Med Chem. 2002 Feb 14;45(4):871-80. doi: 10.1021/jm010370d.


The antitumor ecteinascidin ET743 has been shown to inhibit the transcriptional activation of a number of genes at nanomolar concentrations. Cell sensitivity to subnanomolar concentrations of the drug has also been shown to specifically depend on the transcription-coupled nucleotide excision repair system. ET743 is known to bind covalently to the minor groove of a DNA double helix in regions comprising selected sets of three consecutive base pairs. Following alkylation of a central guanine, the minor groove is widened and the DNA is bent toward the major groove. We have previously shown that in the resulting adduct the DNA triplet containing the covalently modified guanine bears a strong resemblance to a DNA triplet recognized by a C(2)H(2) zinc finger. We now expand this earlier finding and use simulation methods to show that head-to-tail binding of three ET743 molecules to three adjacent optimal binding sites stabilizes a DNA structure whose conformation is intermediate between A- and B-form DNA. Furthermore, despite the increase in roll at the sites of covalent attachment, no net curvature is apparent in this complex due to cancellation of the localized bends over virtually one turn of the helix. Both observations are in good analogy to findings in zinc finger-DNA complexes. Triplets are virtually superimposable both directly and upon shifting the register one base pair. In this latter case, the central guanine in a triplet alkylated by ET743 corresponds to the third nucleic base in the triplet recognized by a zinc finger of transcription factors such as EGR1 or Sp-1. The DNA conformation found in the ET743-DNA complex is also strongly reminiscent of an RNA-DNA hybrid, as found in the RNA polymerase II elongation complex. The possible biological implications of these findings in relation to the antitumor action of ET743 are discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating / chemistry*
  • Dioxoles / chemistry*
  • Hydrogen Bonding
  • Isoquinolines / chemistry*
  • Models, Molecular
  • Nucleic Acid Conformation
  • Nucleic Acid Heteroduplexes / chemistry*
  • Tetrahydroisoquinolines
  • Trabectedin
  • Zinc Fingers*


  • Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
  • Dioxoles
  • Isoquinolines
  • Nucleic Acid Heteroduplexes
  • Tetrahydroisoquinolines
  • Trabectedin