Objective: To quantify changes in balance parameters and ranges of postural control at the ankle after isokinetic fatigue.
Design: Before-after trials, with a 5 x 6 repeated-measures design.
Setting: General community.
Participants: Twenty-four men (age, 24.9 +/- 3.92y; height, 177.79 +/- 6.36cm; weight, 80.78 +/- 13.22kg) without ankle trauma within 2 years.
Interventions: Fatigue of the plantarflexors and dorsiflexors was induced by isokinetic contractions. Balance was assessed by using a unilateral test (15-s quiet stance, 10-s lean test) on a force platform immediately before and at 0 (T0), 10 (T10), 20 (T20), and 30 (T30) minutes postfatigue.
Main outcome measure: Mediolateral (ML) and fore-aft (FA) sway as well as ML and FA displacement were analyzed by analysis of variance with repeated measures for time (alpha =.05).
Results: In quiet stance, ML sway was greater at T0, whereas total sway increased at all time points postfatigue (P < .05). For the lean test, FA sway increased at T0 and T10, and total sway increased at all time points (P < .05). Both ML and FA displacement significantly differed at T0 (P < .05). All sway parameters returned to baseline within 20 minutes.
Conclusions: Isokinetic fatigue of ankle plantarflexors and dorsiflexors significantly influences sway parameters and ranges of postural control in healthy young men. These perturbations are transient, and recovery occurs within 20 minutes.
Copyright 2002 by the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine and the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation