A single nucleotide polymorphism in protein tyrosine phosphatase PTP-1B is associated with protection from diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance in Oji-Cree

J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2002 Feb;87(2):724-7. doi: 10.1210/jcem.87.2.8253.

Abstract

Several lines of evidence support a role for protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP-1B) in metabolism, and specifically in insulin sensitivity and obesity. We report the development of reagents for the amplification and sequencing of the PTP-1B gene, which has resulted in the identification of a novel single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), designated 981C-->T. We found a significant association between this SNP and the risk of either impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or type 2 diabetes in the Oji-Cree of Sandy Lake, Ontario, Canada. Six hundred and fifty-three subjects were genotyped using PCR amplification of exon 8, followed by digestion with the restriction enzyme AvaI. Sixty-eight subjects were heterozygotes, and none was a homozygote. Thus, the overall frequencies of the C allele and the T allele were 0.948 and 0.052, respectively. Subjects with the PTP-1B 981T/981C genotype were approximately 40% less likely to have IGT or diabetes as subjects with the 981C/981C genotype (P = 0.040). There was no difference in quantitative traits among subjects grouped according to the PTP-1B 981C-->T SNP genotype. These very preliminary findings suggest that genomic variation in PTP-1B is associated with a reduced risk of diabetes and are consistent with the idea that this protein is important in metabolism.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Alleles
  • Diabetes Mellitus / prevention & control*
  • Female
  • Genotype
  • Glucose Intolerance / prevention & control*
  • Heterozygote
  • Humans
  • Indians, North American / genetics*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Polymorphism, Genetic / physiology*
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 1
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases / genetics*

Substances

  • PTPN1 protein, human
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 1
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases