Insight into Schmid metaphyseal chondrodysplasia from the crystal structure of the collagen X NC1 domain trimer

Structure. 2002 Feb;10(2):165-73. doi: 10.1016/s0969-2126(02)00697-4.


Collagen X is expressed specifically in the growth plate of long bones. Its C1q-like C-terminal NC1 domain forms a stable homotrimer and is crucial for collagen X assembly. Mutations in the NC1 domain cause Schmid metaphyseal chondrodysplasia (SMCD). The crystal structure at 2.0 A resolution of the human collagen X NC1 domain reveals an intimate trimeric assembly strengthened by a buried cluster of calcium ions. Three strips of exposed aromatic residues on the surface of NC1 trimer are likely to be involved in the supramolecular assembly of collagen X. Most internal SMCD mutations probably prevent protein folding, whereas mutations of surface residues may affect the collagen X suprastructure in a dominant-negative manner.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Amino Acid Substitution
  • Animals
  • Binding Sites
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Collagen Type X / chemistry*
  • Collagen Type X / genetics
  • Crystallography, X-Ray
  • Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / genetics*
  • Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation, Missense
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Structure, Quaternary
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Protein Subunits
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Solvents
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Surface Properties


  • Collagen Type X
  • Protein Subunits
  • Solvents
  • Calcium

Associated data

  • PDB/1GR3