The PKD1-gene encodes a 14 kb transcript spanning a 50 kb genomic interval. Two-thirds of the gene is reiterated at another locus on the same chromosome. Using Long Range PCR with primers in intron 1 and exon 11, 6.8 kb PKD1 specific fragments were generated on genomic DNA. These products were used as templates for nested PCR's to screen exons 2-10 by Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE). Upon analysis of 36 patients, a total of 11 different sequence variants were observed: A nonsense mutation in exon 2, a frameshift mutation in exon 8 and furthermore, two amino acid changes, two silent polymorphisms and five intronic variants.