We report on a 40-year-old man, admitted with fever and weight loss, in whom systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus nephritis World Health Organization type IV) and concomitant acute lung tuberculosis were diagnosed. Conventional treatment of diffuse proliferative nephritis with cytotoxic drugs was thought to be too dangerous in the presence of active tuberculosis. A combination of immunoadsorption and steroids was instituted for the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus. Antibodies against double-stranded DNA decreased, and proteinuria decreased from 10 g/24 hours to less than 1 g/24 hours. Tuberculosis was treated initially with quadruple-drug therapy, then a triple-drug protocol. Primarily enlarged lymph nodes decreased to normal size after 3 months. The combined treatment modality of steroids and immunoadsorption was effective and safe, even in this patient with active tuberculosis.
Copyright 2002 by the National Kidney Foundation, Inc.