Effects of very long (up to 10 years) proton pump blockade on human gastric mucosa

Digestion. 2001;64(4):205-13. doi: 10.1159/000048863.


Background: Long-term use of proton pump inhibitors (PPI) has been reported to worsen oxyntic mucosa gastritis and the resulting gland atrophy has been considered a potential risk factor for neoplastic changes in the gastric mucosa.

Aims: The present study examines the effect of extended continuous PPI treatment for up to 10 years on the exocrine and endocrine stomach of patients with acid-related diseases of the upper GI tract.

Methods: Biopsies from the antral and oxyntic mucosa taken at regular time intervals were examined for gastritis, atrophy, intestinal metaplasia, Helicobacter pylori and argyrophil cells and correlated to serum gastrin levels.

Results: A general amelioration of antral gastritis without relevant changes of atrophy or intestinal metaplasia, contrasted with the worsening of gastritis and gland atrophy seen in the oxyntic mucosa of reflux esophagitis (but not gastric or duodenal ulcer) patients in the presence of H. pylori infection. In association with PPI- induced hypergastrinemia, argyrophil cell hyperplasia (but not dysplasia or neoplasia) developed in the oxyntic mucosa.

Conclusion: The present results outline the milder pretreatment pattern and higher proneness to PPI-related, H. pylori-restricted worsening of oxyntic mucosa gastritis in reflux esophagitis compared to gastric ulcer or duodenal ulcer patients. In addition, they confirm a substantial safety of long-term PPI therapy as concerns neoplastic changes in the exocrine and endocrine human stomach.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anti-Ulcer Agents / administration & dosage
  • Anti-Ulcer Agents / adverse effects*
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / administration & dosage
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / adverse effects*
  • Female
  • Gastric Mucosa / drug effects*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Omeprazole / administration & dosage
  • Omeprazole / adverse effects*
  • Proton Pump Inhibitors*
  • Risk Factors
  • Stomach Neoplasms / chemically induced
  • Time Factors


  • Anti-Ulcer Agents
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Proton Pump Inhibitors
  • Omeprazole