Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the United Kingdom: trends in mortality, morbidity, and smoking

Curr Opin Pulm Med. 2002 Mar;8(2):95-101. doi: 10.1097/00063198-200203000-00003.


Current trends in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the UK differ from those in many other countries because, in the past, COPD was much more common than in other countries undergoing a smoking epidemic at the same time, and peak cigarette consumption in men and women occurred more 25 years ago. Male mortality from COPD has been falling for 30 years, while female mortality has risen steadily during the same period. A strong socioeconomic gradient in morbidity and mortality persists. Emergency hospital admissions for exacerbations and home oxygen account for a large proportion of the healthcare costs.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Morbidity / trends
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / diagnosis*
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / epidemiology*
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Sex Distribution
  • Smoking / adverse effects*
  • Survival Analysis
  • United Kingdom / epidemiology