Neuromuscular contributions to anterior cruciate ligament injuries in females

Curr Opin Rheumatol. 2002 Mar;14(2):168-73. doi: 10.1097/00002281-200203000-00014.


Although anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are not gender specific, they do occur at a significantly greater rate in females. Biomechanical and neuromuscular deficits in females have been documented as factors contributing to ACL injuries, however little research has been conducted in the area of preventative training programs to improve these deficits. This article will describe the biomechanical and neuromuscular factors that contribute to ACL injuries in females, and provide a foundation from which preventative training programs should be designed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament / physiopathology
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries*
  • Athletic Injuries / complications
  • Athletic Injuries / physiopathology
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Knee Injuries / etiology
  • Knee Injuries / physiopathology*
  • Knee Injuries / prevention & control
  • Knee Joint / physiopathology*
  • Muscle Hypotonia
  • Neuromuscular Diseases / complications
  • Neuromuscular Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Primary Prevention / methods
  • Sports