Modulation of rodent cortical motor excitability by somatosensory input

Exp Brain Res. 2002 Feb;142(4):562-9. doi: 10.1007/s00221-001-0952-1. Epub 2002 Jan 19.


It is assumed that somatosensory input is required for motor learning and recovery from focal brain injury. In rodents and other mammals, corticocortical projections between somatosensory and motor cortices are modified by patterned input. Whether and how motor cortex function is modulated by somatosensory input to support motor learning is largely unknown. Recent human evidence suggests that input changes motor excitability. Using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), this study tested whether motor cortex excitability is affected by patterned somatosensory stimulation in rodents. Motor potentials evoked in gastrocnemius muscles in response to TMS (MEP(TMS)) and to cervical electrical stimulation (MEP(CES)) were recorded bilaterally. Initially, the first negative peak of the MEP(TMS) was identified as a cortical component because it disappeared after decortication in three animals. Subsequently, we studied the effects of 2 h of electrical stimulation of one sciatic nerve on the cortical component of the MEP(TMS), i.e., on motor cortex excitability. After stimulation, its amplitude increased by 117 +/- 45% ( P<0.01) in the stimulated limb. A significantly smaller effect was found in the unstimulated limb ( P<0.02) and no effect was observed in unstimulated control animals. The subcortically evoked MEP(CES) were not affected by stimulation. It is concluded that somatosensory input increases motor excitability in rat. This increase outlasts the stimulation period and is mediated by supraspinal structures, likely motor cortex. Modulation of motor cortex excitability by somatosensory input may play a role in motor learning and recovery from lesion.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Action Potentials / physiology
  • Animals
  • Electric Stimulation / methods
  • Electromyography / methods
  • Evoked Potentials, Motor / physiology*
  • Male
  • Motor Cortex / physiology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Sciatic Nerve / physiology
  • Somatosensory Cortex / physiology*