Changes in hope and power in lung cancer patients who exercise

Nurs Sci Q. 2000 Jul;13(3):234-42. doi: 10.1177/08943180022107627.


Using Rogers' science of unitary human beings, changes in hope and power among 104 lung cancer patients were examined in relation to participation in a preoperative exercise program. Participants were randomly assigned to exercise or no-exercise and a repeated measures ANOVA was employed. The exercise group's power increased while the no-exercise group's power decreased. No differences in hope emerged. Positive correlations between hope and power were observed. Findings suggest that exercise is a form of knowing participation in change and illustrate a relation between one's ability to envision a better future and one's potential to actualize options through choice.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Attitude to Health*
  • Choice Behavior
  • Exercise Therapy* / standards
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Female
  • Holistic Health
  • Humans
  • Internal-External Control
  • Lung Neoplasms / psychology*
  • Lung Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Morale*
  • Nursing Theory
  • Power, Psychological*
  • Preoperative Care / methods
  • Preoperative Care / psychology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Treatment Outcome