General recommendations on immunization. Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) and the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP)

MMWR Recomm Rep. 2002 Feb 8;51(RR-2):1-35.


This report is a revision of General Recommendations on Immunization and updates the 1994 statement by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) (CDC. General recommendations on immunization: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices [ACIP]. MMWR 1994;43[No. RR-1]:1-38). The principal changes include expansion of the discussion of vaccination spacing and timing, recommendations for vaccinations administered by an incorrect route, information regarding needle-free injection technology, vaccination of children adopted from countries outside the United States, timing of live-virus vaccination and tuberculosis screening, expansion of the discussion and tables of contraindications and precautions regarding vaccinations, and addition of a directory of immunization resources. These recommendations are not comprehensive for each vaccine. The most recent ACIP recommendations for each specific vaccine should be consulted for additional details. This report, ACIP recommendations for each vaccine, and other information regarding immunization can be accessed at CDCs National Immunization Program website at http.// (accessed October 11, 2001).

Publication types

  • Guideline
  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adoption
  • Adult
  • Breast Feeding
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Contraindications
  • Drug Storage
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypersensitivity
  • Immunization Programs
  • Immunization Schedule*
  • Immunocompetence
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature
  • Injections / standards
  • Medical Records
  • Pregnancy
  • Registries
  • Vaccination / adverse effects
  • Vaccination / standards*
  • Vaccines, Attenuated / administration & dosage
  • Vaccines, Inactivated / administration & dosage


  • Vaccines, Attenuated
  • Vaccines, Inactivated