Nine healthy male volunteers (mean age of 24) participated in two experimental sessions of random crossover design: a bright light (5000 lux for 5 h from 00:00 to 05:00 h) session and a dim light (10 lux for 5 h from 00:00 to 05:00 h) session. Subsequently participants entered an ultra-short sleep-wake schedule for 26 h, in which a sleep-wake cycle consisting of 10-min sleep EEG recording on a bed and 20-min resting awake on a semi-upright chair were repeated. Saliva melatonin level and core body temperature was measured throughout the experiment. Bright light significantly delayed rhythms of melatonin secretion (01:58 h), core body temperature (01:12 h) and sleep propensity (02:00 h), compared as dim light session. Significant positive correlation was found between bright light-induced phase change in core body temperature and that in sleep propensity rhythm. Light-induced melatonin suppression significantly positively correlated with the phase change in core body temperature and that in sleep propensity rhythm. Assuming that light-induced melatonin suppression represents an acute impact of light on the circadian pacemaker, our results suggest that such an impact may be directly reflected in phase changes of sleep propensity and core body temperature rhythms rather than in melatonin rhythm.