Disability and its economic impact among adults with diabetes

J Occup Environ Med. 2002 Feb;44(2):136-42. doi: 10.1097/00043764-200202000-00008.


The objective of this study was to estimate the annual cost of disability among people with diabetes. Data from the 1994 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (n = 83,566) of US individuals aged 18 to 64 years were used to estimate the annual cost of disability among people with self-reported diabetes. After we adjusted for relevant socioeconomic characteristics, logistic regression analyses demonstrated that people with diabetes are more likely to stop working outside the home (for men: adjusted odds ratio, 3.1; 95% confidence interval, 1.2 to 8.0; for women: adjusted odds ratio, 2.9; 95% confidence interval, 1.0 to 8.8). The annual cost of disability among people with diabetes was estimated at $9.3 billion in 1994. Disability among people with diabetes is a major public health problem. Efforts to reduce disability in this population could create substantial gains in productivity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Cost of Illness*
  • Diabetes Complications*
  • Diabetes Mellitus / economics*
  • Disabled Persons*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupations*
  • Public Health
  • Regression Analysis