Inhibition of basal nitric oxide synthesis increases aortic augmentation index and pulse wave velocity in vivo

Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2002 Feb;53(2):189-92. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2125.2002.1528adoc.x.


Aims: To investigate the role of basal nitric oxide (NO) production in regulating large artery stiffness in vivo.

Methods: Incremental doses of the NO synthase inhibitor L-N(G)-monomethyl arginine (LNMMA: 0.1, 0.3, 1.0 and 3.0 mg kg-1 min-1) or placebo were infused in eight healthy men. Arterial stiffness was assessed noninvasively by pulse wave analysis.

Results: Compared with placebo, infusion of LNMMA led to a dose-dependent increase in mean arterial pressure, peripheral vascular resistance, and aortic and systemic arterial stiffness. There was an accompanying reduction in heart rate and cardiac index. The highest dose of LNMMA resulted in an increase of 25% in AIx (95% confidence limits; 12, 38) and of 16 mmHg in mean arterial pressure (9, 23) compared with infusion of saline.

Conclusions: These data indicate functional regulation of large artery stiffness in vivo by NO, and may provide new therapeutic strategies for cardiovascular risk reduction.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Heart Rate / drug effects
  • Hemodynamics / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Nitric Oxide / physiology*
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Radial Artery / physiology
  • Vascular Resistance / drug effects*
  • omega-N-Methylarginine / pharmacology*


  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • omega-N-Methylarginine
  • Nitric Oxide
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase