Classification of gait patterns in spastic hemiplegia and spastic diplegia: a basis for a management algorithm

Eur J Neurol. 2001 Nov;8 Suppl 5:98-108. doi: 10.1046/j.1468-1331.2001.00042.x.


Classifications of gait and postural patterns in spastic hemiplegia and spastic diplegiía are presented, based on the work of previous authors. The classifications are used as a biomechanical basis, linking spasticity, musculoskeletal pathology in the lower limbs, and the appropriate intervention strategies. The choice of target muscles for spasticity management, the muscle contractures requiring lengthening and the choice of orthotics are then linked to the underlying gait pattern.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Cerebral Palsy / classification*
  • Cerebral Palsy / therapy*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Gait / physiology*
  • Hemiplegia / classification*
  • Hemiplegia / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Knee / abnormalities
  • Knee / physiopathology
  • Male
  • Muscle Spasticity / classification
  • Muscle Spasticity / therapy
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiopathology
  • Posture